Family Kronacher

Authors: Anna-Lisa Schütz, Elisaveta Tolstov, Felicitas Sperber, Sianna Zillich

Header Familie Kronacher

A secluded life

The siblings Lina (*October 17, 1870), Jeanette (*July 07, 1873) and Marie (*April 06, 1878) were born as daughters of Isaak and Zilly (née Schön) in Lichtenfels. Their family came from Oberlangenstadt, where their father, according to family tradition, was a teacher of religion in the local synagogue. Isaak was a board member of the quartering commission and a respected man who was integrated into society. 

Plan Laurenzigasse
Wohnhaus Familie Kronacher Wöhrdstraße

Shortly before Jeanette's birth in 1873, her father auctioned off all the properties in Oberlangenstadt; the family left the town and moved to Lichtenfels. Here he founded a fur store (fur processing and fur trade). After the death of their father on October 20, 1904, the siblings continued to run the store in a threesome, but moved from Laurenzigasse (Nr. 237) to Wöhrdstraße (house see photo).


They remained single and childless for the rest of their lives. According to contemporary witnesses, they lead a secluded, strongly religious life.

Deportation and assassination

Schächterhaus Judengasse 14 (Zustand ca. 1955)© Stadt Lichtenfels

In the spring of 1940, like all Jews living in the district, they were forcibly relocated and lived for the next two years in Judengasse 14, the "Schächterhaus" (butcher's house) directly next to the synagogue.

Deportationsliste Familie Kronacher

On September 9, 1942, the three were taken by a deportation train, the so-called "Seniors-Transport", from Nuremberg first to a Bamberg hotel called "Weiße Taube" and from there to the concentration camp Theresienstadt in what is now the Czech Republic. In addition to the siblings, five other Jews from Lichtenfels and about 1000 more Jews from all over Franconia were deported on this day.

Two days later, on September 11, 1942, they finally arrived in Theresienstadt. Here Lina, Jeanette, and Marie had to do hard forced labor. Their stay in the concentration camp did not last long, however, because their age (64, 69, and 72 years) meant that they were no longer "useful" to the Nazi regime as forced laborers.

So on 29 September they were deported to Treblinka and murdered in the gas chambers of the extermination camp there.