Johanna Marx

Verfasser: Clara Aumüller, Victoria Thiel

Header Familie Marx
Johanna Marx© Familie

Johanna Marx was born in Zintersbach on June 30, 1876. In 1898 she married Salomon Marx (1869-1928) from Oberlangenstadt near Kronach in Gunzenhausen. In 1899 their son Sigmund was born, and in 1903 their son Alfred.

Salomon ran the family business for butcher's supplies and skins, the family was also firmly integrated into the Jewish community as well as the overall society of the town. Nevertheless, more and more Jewish residents moved away from the small town to settle in larger cities and/or emigrated. The Marx family also moved to Lichtenfels, especially since the younger son Alfred married and lived there.

Wohnhaus Familie Marx 2018

After the death of Salomon in 1928, Sigmund dissolved the properties in Oberlangenstadt and they moved to the house of Alfred's father-in-law Joseph Bamberger in Lichtenfels on Bamberger Strasse. Johanna lived in one of the two apartments on the third floor.

There she also experienced the Pogrom Night in November 1938, when Nazi thugs devastated the entire house.

Together with her sons Sigmund, Alfred, her daughters-in-law and their children, she was able to emigrate to England in 1939, from where she moved to the USA in 1940.
Johanna lived with the families of her two sons, at first probably with Sigmund in Newark, NJ, later with Alfred in Queens, NY. She died there on December 18, 1957.